Species Name: Capsicum annuum var annuum Linne

Color: Green maturing to bright red

Average Size: 2 1/4" long, 1/2" diameter

Shape: Elongated cylinder, blunt end

Description: Thick-fleshed, does not dry well. Crisp, fresh flavor, it is the hottest pepper commonly available in the USA

Scoville Heat Units: 7,000 - 25,000

Substitute if Not Available: Chiltepin, Fresno, Jalapeno, Thai

Other Names: Balin, chile verde, cora, serrannito, tipico

Related Cultivars: Altimira, Cotaxtla Conico, Cotaxtla Gordo, Cotaxtla Tipico, Cuauhtemoc, Huasteco 74, Panuco, Tampiqueno, Sinahusia, Serrao Balin

Most Commonly Grown In: Mexico

Interesting Facts: From the Spanish word 'serranias' meaning 'foothills', the serrano is believed to have originated in the foothills of Puebla in Mexico. For some reason, the serrano has never been grown commercially to any great extent in the USA, so most of the available peppers are imported from Mexico. They are popular both in Mexico and the USA as they are easy to cook with (no peeling or seeding necessary) and are hotter than the more popular jalapeno. They also freeze well.

Most Common Uses: Table sauces, guacamole, relishes, vegetable dishes, seasoning, garnish